Who is Hafiz-i Shirazi, one of the world famous poets of Iran and many of whom we are familiar with? It might be time to get to know him and his poems a little better. He was born in Shiraz, Iran, whose real name was Shamseddin Muhammad, as his name suggests. Although the integrity of the information provided about his life cannot be ensured, the name Hafız is accepted as one of the indicators of having a good education. However, although there is a long period of absence in his life, there is also information that he was patronized from time to time by some state elders.
When we look at Hafız's literary identity, the first thing we notice is the use of the type of ode and his theme focuses on love and happiness. We cannot say that ghazals are common in Persian literature until Hafez, and its place is very important in terms of the diversity of Iranian literature which is in a period of transition. Hafiz was able to pioneer such innovations with his mastery of Arabic poetry tradition as well as his proficiency in Iranian poets before him. Although Hafiz provides works of ghazal style in accordance with his accumulations, he does not give much space to independent couplets contrary to his common belief
. Hafiz emphasizes happiness as a necessity of life. Hafız's proficiency in Arabic and Persian has also enabled his poetry to be fluent and comprehensible, especially the fact that the Arabic words he used do not disturb the flow of the poem, revealing his competence. Although his name was mentioned by his ghazals, Hafiz also produced works in many other literary genres. In the Divan, where all his poems are collected, there are sixty-six rubai, five kasid, one muhammes, four mesnevi, thirty-four continents and five hundred and nine gazels.
Hafız continued to be explored and followed by his successors even after centuries. Hafiz, who produced works in the fourteenth century, was accepted as a pioneer by many new generations, especially Ottoman literature. It is known that Goethe, the famous German poet, wrote the East-West Divan by taking care of Hafiz. World-wide recognition also increased in 1988 with the 600th anniversary of the UNESCO symposium held in Shiraz.
In addition to its importance in Iranian literature, Hafiz is also very important for Iran's traditional days. Particularly on Yelda Night, which was celebrated on December 21, a random page was opened from the Divan of Hafez and the poem there was predicted that the next year would be good or bad. In addition, the special tables prepared for Nevruz, which celebrates the arrival of spring every year, also included the Divan of Hafez.
Author: ] Hilal Demirtas
PeopleWhat / The Art Of Knowledge