What is Saturation Diving? »PeopleWhat

Deep waters have occupied the agenda of mankind as an area always waiting to be discovered from past to present. He wanted to go under water with human beings out of curiosity but his limited knowledge and limited breath did not allow it. Advances in technology and maritime have created many different diving techniques over time, making the deep seas much easier to conquer. Developments in the field of diving technologies in the 19th and 20th centuries have pioneered revolutionary advances. The first findings of human beings under water using some apparatus and techniques date back 5000 years. Five basic diving methods have been developed since then. The main dive methods with “saturation” diving which are the subject of our article are as follows:
1- Breath free diving
2- Bell diving
3- Skin diving
4- Surface-assisted helmet diving

Today, all of these methods are used in different ways depending on the need. Saturation dives are the most difficult, risky and costly among these dives. If we compare the saturation dive with the space shuttle, there will be no false analogy. Saturation dive has emerged with the support of diving technology and scientific data obtained from many sciences. This dive technique, which was developed with lessons learned from hundreds of deaths in deep dives, continues to have fatal consequences in the slightest error.
The greatest fear of diving experience when diving is known as decompression. Decompression is the formation of gas bubbles in the body due to the rapid passage from a high-pressure place under water to a low-pressure place. In pilots and divers, this is the biggest cause of death, especially during diving. What needs to be done with an acclaimed diver is to take it back to the same pressurized environment and wait for a while. However, since there is not enough pressure room in our country, it is not possible to prevent deaths. Nitrogen in the canon of an acclaimed diver can sometimes produce bubbles, such as a soaked soda pop, and it is not possible to avoid the fatal risk. On average, approximately five hours of rest is required for each 250-foot depth.

How to perform a saturation dive

A saturation dive is an emphasis, and a diving technique that completely eliminates limited working obstacles below 50 meters. In this diving technique, the general pressure hangars integrated into the ship and the divers staying in the pressurized chambers connected to these hangars are completely eliminated as they stay in similar pressure environments during the time they work under water. In addition to the risk of accent, divers can work for hours underwater. Saturation dive, which can be translated as saturation dive into Turkish, was first tried in 1964 and has been used actively for more than 30 years.
If we look at the saturation dive in detail, it is a very strange and dangerous work. Saturation divers are forced to work for days under 1000 feet of water for intercontinental pipeline or drilling platform construction. Because the nitrogen in the blood dissolves at such depths, this gas needs to disperse to the surface. Today, the work of saturation divers is highly risky and sensitive. It is a known fact that robotic diving equipment that is more durable than human underwater with developing technology exists, but none of these instruments has the ability to perform precise and flexible maneuvers as manned divers can. There is a very crowded team of saturation divers supporting them above the water while doing their jobs underwater. Underwater diving manager, diving supervisor, life support supervisor and life support technicians are the main ones. This team's coordinated work is important for the food and drink needs and comfort of divers who disconnect from the outside world for a long time. Saturation scuba diving is not something everyone can do. In order to perform this dive, not only experience, heart-lung health and condition, but also a drum that can cause all kinds of infections must be searched because leaving the saturation cabin for days is death. Even the simplest cold brings life-threatening dangers.

Divers take a shower with antibacterial fluids to avoid any infectious disease risk before moving on to a saturation dive.

Saturation divers breathe heliox gas instead of normal dive gas so as not to lose their concentration and stun. This gas has the same effect as helium gas used to make people's voices funny in comedy programs. When divers make phone calls with their families, they sound like ducks, which makes for surprising and funny situations. Since saturation diving is one of the most difficult and dangerous professions in the world, the wages received by divers are just as high. Some saturation divers receive a salary of up to $ 1400 per day.
The saturation booth has to be systematically paused for climate control due to lack of technical specifications. This creates serious biological difficulties for divers. To cope with this situation, divers often have to perform valsalva, swallowing and stretching maneuvers inside. This leads to prolonged pain in the musculoskeletal system of divers
The saturation booth, which is the size of a shower cabin and a nightmare for any claustrophobic, makes the toilets in very limited conditions and tries to meet the needs of divers with maximum space saving. would. Another sensitive point for saturation divers is the quality and variety of foods they take. Divers are given salads of steak, fish, mushroom vegetables, cheese and cold meats. Due to pressure and active swim movements underwater, divers spend more calories than water. The calorie needs of divers are 6000 calories per day. Also, divers are given multiple vitamin supplements, especially vitamin D, as they are deprived of sunlight under water. the balance and quality of food consumed is checked carefully by the captain of divers and dive team.
saturation diving for the first time in Turkey was held in Eurasia Tunnel built. Istanbul University dive experts, this dive. Dr. Akın Savaş Toklu was an administrator


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