Most people, even pest control specialists, may have seen no bed bugs. Bed bugs infestation, II. While it was a very common situation before World War II, these insects were completely eliminated by improvements in hygiene, especially with the widespread use of DDT in the 1940s and 50s. However, pests continued in some parts of the world, including Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe. In the last decade or so, bed bugs have made a dramatic turn in the US. It is increasingly seen in homes, apartments, hotels, health facilities, dormitories, shelters, schools and public transport. Other places where bed bugs sometimes appear include movie theaters, laundries, furniture for rent, and office buildings. Although these insects prefer to feed on humans, they also bite other warm-blooded animals such as dogs, cats, birds, and rodents. They have lived in this way since ancient times, because it is known that medieval European texts and classical Greek writings refer to bed bugs of the Aristotle period. Sometimes they are mixed with ticks, cockroaches, carpet bugs or other house bugs. Immature bed bugs are similar to adults, but smaller and lighter in color. These insects do not fly and do not splash like fleas, but they can crawl quickly on floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces. Adult females lay eggs in secluded places and potentially accumulate hundreds, 1, 2 or more eggs per day during their lifetime. The eggs are the size of a tiny particle of powder, whitish and especially on light colored surfaces, it is difficult to see them without growing. When first released, the eggs are sticky and cause them to stick to the surfaces. At room temperature, bed bug eggs hatch in about a week. As bed bugs grow, they shed their skin five times before reaching maturity. Adult females should also be fed to lay eggs. Under favorable conditions (70-80 ° F), insects can mature several times a month and produce multiple generations per year. Lower temperatures or limited access to blood extend development times
Bed bugs are very lifespan flexible, and offspring and adults can survive for months without feeding, which is unusual for most insects. Their ability to survive without a bloody meal is longer at lower temperatures, potentially surviving up to a year or at a temperature of 55 ° F or lower. In hot-controlled buildings, their life expectancy is typically about 2 to 6 months. When infested houses, such as apartments, are vacated, they usually spread to nearby units or reduce their activity until the apartment is back in operation. Bed bugs are mostly active at night and prefer to hide in the daytime, close to where people sleep. Their flattened bodies make it particularly easy to fit into small gaps such as bearings, springs, bearing edges and areas associated with bearing heads. Bed bugs do not have nests such as ants or bees, but they tend to congregate in unusual hiding places. Characteristically, these areas are marked with dark spotting and spot-dried excrement of insects. There are also hatched and unhatched eggs, the skins of maturing offspring and the insects themselves. Another possible sign is rusted, reddish stains on bedsheets or crushed knitted beds from bed bugs. Bedbugs prefer to hide close to where they are fed, but if food is needed they can come up to eat while the person is awake. Initially, the insects tend to be around the sleeping areas, ie beds, sofas and reclining chairs. If infestations are not prevented, they can spread to other places in the housing, making it more difficult to get rid of these insects.
Bites and Health Concerns
Bedbugs usually bite people while sleeping at night. These hungry insects can feed, especially if the person normally sleeps during the day. This is accomplished by skin piercing in the form of a longitudinal beak. The bloodsucking time of this beetle lasts roughly three to 10 minutes, but since the bite is painless and painless, the person rarely understands that it has been bitten. Normally, they are not found on people like head or body lice, but instead go to a secluded place to digest their food immediately after feeding. Reactions after biting by bed bugs vary from person to person. Many people develop an itchy and red reaction one day after bite. Other people show little or no reaction. Sometimes the reaction can be days or weeks after the actual bite occurs, making it difficult to determine where or when the bites actually occur. Studies in bed-bug-infected apartments show that approximately 30 percent of people do not react even if they are bitten from time to time and that the rate of no reactivity among older people is higher. Unlike fleas stings around the lower legs and ankles at first, bed bugs feed on any exposed skin while sleeping, face, neck, shoulders, back, arms, legs and so on. as. Sources and itching are often incorrectly attributed to other causes such as mosquitoes. For these reasons, invasions may last unnoticed and may be quite high before they are detected.
The possibility of bed bugs increases if the affected individual is traveling or acquiring used beds or furniture before symptoms appear. However, it is important to know that not all bite-like reactions are caused by bed bugs. Verification usually involves bed bugs, scalp, fecal spots, etc. that require the help of a professional. requires control, discovery and identification. A common concern with bed bugs is whether they pass on other diseases to humans. Although these insects may harbor various pathogens, the risk of transmission to humans has not been proven and is unlikely. Medical importance is most often associated with itching and inflammation from bites. Antihistamines, corticosteroids to reduce allergic reactions and antiseptic or antibiotic ointments can be taken to prevent infection. Although it is not known to carry disease, bed bugs can significantly reduce the quality of life by causing discomfort, insomnia, anxiety and shame. According to some health experts, the stress of living by bedbugs can have a significant impact on the emotional health and well-being of some people.
Traditional insect repellents, such as those used to remove ticks and mosquitoes, do not appear to be effective against bed bugs. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid biting by applying insect repellent before going to bed. Sleeping in a lighted environment is also unlikely to deter these hungry insects, as it will adjust the feeding cycle according to the host's sleeping patterns.
Why the invasions originate
It is often seen that bed bugs do not originate anywhere. Insects can often be transported together with suitcases, clothes, beds, furniture and other items to related dwellings . This is a high risk area for hotels and apartments where occupants are stationary. The purchase of second-hand beds, sofas and furniture is another way of transporting insects to buildings. Bedbugs can also be carried in a person's clothing, shoes or wheelchair. After entering these areas, they can crawl from room to room or from floor to floor. They can also be moved to other buildings on people and their belongings.
Unlike cockroaches and flies feeding on scum, there is no relationship between bed bugs and cleanliness. Since insects feed only on blood, unspoilt residences may be most vulnerable to invasion. However, poverty and privacy can lead to an increased risk of bed failure problems, as well as a professional inability to destroy them. Some bed bugs are parasites of bats or birds and bite humans if wild hosts are no longer available. Although similar in general appearance, species of bed bugs normally fed on bats, swallows, pigeons or other wild hosts can be distinguished from those who prefer humans. Entomologists and knowledgeable pest managers can make this distinction. If bat insects or bird insects are present, the tunnel and nest areas should be the primary focus, the animals should be removed and removed from the building.
Eliminating bedbugs is a challenging process. Because they can be stored in many places, their inspection must be carried out completely and elimination is not always exact. Whenever resources allow, it is appropriate to receive the services of a professional. Experienced pest controllers know where to look for bed bugs and have a variety of tools. However, owners and occupants can assist professionals in many important ways. Ensuring access to all living spaces is very important, and excessive clutter will have to be eliminated. The items in the rooms offer plenty of space for hiding insects and preventing examination and treatment. Since bed bugs can spread within a building, it will often be necessary to supervise adjacent rooms and apartments.
Where are they hiding?
Bed bugs can live in almost any interval or in a protected place. The most common place to find them is the bed or the place where people sleep. This is especially true in the early stages of the problem. As insects grow, insects tend to move beyond the beds to other areas and make control more difficult. Bed bugs are often concealed in beds, box springs, bed edges, headboard seams, folds and crevices. For a thorough inspection, the bearing may need to be removed to inspect the top and bottom seams and surfaces. What to look for is the insects themselves, the skins of the offspring (immature bed bugs) and blackish fecal stains. The dark spots of dried bed bug droppings are usually found along the bed seams or wherever insects are found. The box springs provide a plurality of places where bed bugs are stored, in particular along the top seam edges and under which the bottom edge of the box rests on the frame. If there is an underlying dust cover, it may need to be removed to allow access to examination and possible treatment. However, the successful treatment of bearings and springs can be difficult.
The cracks of the bearing frames should be examined, especially if the frame is wooden. Wood beetles have greater affinity to wood and fabric than metal or plastic. The wooden support laths should be removed and inspected, as the tips are often collected where the frame rests. Screw holes, knots and other recesses are also common hiding places. The caps attached to the walls must be removed and inspected. In hotels, the area behind the hood is usually the first place where bed bugs occur. Bed bugs are also often stored in items stored under the beds. Upholstered chairs, recliners and sofas are usually the next possible area for bed bugs, with stitches, skirts and fabric folds being carefully examined. Sofas and recliners can be large bed bug spots, especially when used for sleeping. Like beds, they can be difficult to maintain and sometimes need to be discarded. Nightstands and scanners may need to empty and inspect the interior and exterior, and topple over to inspect the woodwork beneath. Often, insects are stored in cracks, corners and recesses. Among the common hiding places of bedbugs, they can be stored in wall-to-wall carpets, behind beds and sofas, at the joints of the ceiling wall, behind wall-mounted pictures, mirrors and key plates, under loose wall paper, in clothes in closets and in drawers. Bedbugs live collectively, but the presence of a single insect or some eggs is also common. A thorough examination and treatment may take several hours. Some disinfection companies use specially trained dogs to find small scattered infestations, especially in hotels, schools, libraries and office buildings. When these dogs are properly trained, locating these insects can also be very effective. Relatively few companies routinely use such animals for training and maintenance costs.
PeopleWhat / The Art Of Knowledge